יוסי מורי, האוניברסיטה העברית, מלגאי יד הנדיב

 אדיקות, כפירה וזכרון: המשמעות של קורפוס כריסטי בכנסיית מרטין הקדוש מטור

 

Yossi Maurey, Hebrew University, Hanadiv post-doctoral Fellow

Devotion, Heresy, and Memory: the Meaning of Corpus Christi
in Saint Martin of Tours

          Abstract

The feast of Corpus Christi had just recently been added to the church calendar when a set of five unique chants was composed for it during the 14th century.  These chants, found in a breviary from Saint-Martin of Tours (and nowhere else before the 15th century) stand at the center of my talk which brings to light their music and text for the first time.  Given that the church is not known to have had a special connection to the feast, how can we explain the presence in Tours of a unique liturgy dedicated to Corpus Christi?

The two collegiate churches dedicated to St. Martin, the one in Tours and the one in Liège (the birthplace of the feast), enjoyed a strong and beneficial relationship, which may have included the sharing of liturgical material.  Moreover, one of the chief contributors to the debate that preceded the institution of Corpus Christi, the scholastic Berengar, served as grammarian and school master in Saint-Martin of Tours.  Although Berengar was repeatedly condemned as heresiarch, on the one hand, and while the theology of our five chants eschews his teachings, on the other, can their presence in Saint-Martin be mere happenstance?  Information gleaned from a 13th-century chronicle suggests that paradoxically, the prosas were probably adopted in Saint-Martin exactly because they were understood to be fully consistent with Berengar's end-of-life authentic convictions on the Eucharist, and not in spite of them.